Friday, February 27, 2009

EcoAction in the Hoya

Click here for the article or read it here!

Growing Green Efforts Across Campus
By Gregg Re

Photo by Molly Jones
The Green Fair, held last October, is one of the many events on campus that are sparking environmental consciousness among the student body and administration.

If in the next few weeks you see students digging through trash cans, removing plastic bottles, aluminum cans, and papers, do not be alarmed – it is just one of the many efforts to make Georgetown a greener campus.

Last fall, members of the campus community gathered in the Southwest Quad for the Green Fair, an event that highlighted the university’s commitment to environmental issues. The students echoed the slogan “Bleed blue. Wear grey. Think green,” hoping to interest more students in the issues of sustainability and climate change.

It may not be easy to “go green,” but a group of Georgetown students and administrators are doing their best to inspire the campus community to recycle, conserve energy and make the university a more environmentally friendly place to live.

“The myth that Georgetown does not recycle has lasted a long time, and it needs to be dispelled,” said Jonathan Cohn (COL ’10), president of EcoAction, a group dedicated to addressing environmental issues on campus. “We have been seeing increasing response from [the] administration, and hope that this will lead to more initiatives in terms of energy efficiency, green buildings on campus, sustainability education and information, increased recycling, reduced plastic bag use, and increased attention to renewable energy sources.”

Grading Green

The university took a large step toward sustainability in 2005 with the formation of Project Hilltop, an environmental organization that unites resident hall advisors, resident assistants and residents in sustainability efforts. The group organizes numerous events and distributes magnets and postings to encourage water and electrical conservation throughout campus.

Jess Buckley, the hall director for McCarthy Hall and adviser for Project Hilltop, said that several events are planned for later in the semester.

“We have monthly green campaigns to raise awareness in the residence halls and provide grants for sustainable programming in the halls,” she said.

Buckley added that the university has increased its environmental efforts in several unique ways, from adding new facilities to increasing course offerings.

“We have a solar-powered trash compactor in the [Georgetown University Medical Center] and hope to have more,” she said.

According to the environmental resources at the State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry, the $4,000 compactors can pay for themselves in under a year because they reduce costs of using labor and trucks to retrieve the trash. Syracuse University purchased a similar device last fall.

Georgetown has also built an efficient thermal tank under the Leavey Center to provide cheap cooling when electricity is in high demand, according to the Office of the Senior Vice President. The tank, buried under the parking garage in the Leavey Center, contains over 2 million gallons of water. It is capable of providing a 1,000 tons of water for almost 12 hours during peak demand.

In 2007, the university also hired its first sustainability director, who was hired to lead the efforts on campus to reduce Georgetown’s environmentally unfriendly actions.

All of these moves were praised by the College Sustainability Report Card, issued by the Sustainable Endowments Institute. The organization gave the administration a “B” rating for its environmental efforts and a “B-” rating overall, an increase from Georgetown’s “C+” rating in 2007. This year, criticism was directed toward the school’s lack of endowment transparency and shareholder engagement in environmental issues.

That rating may change next year, though, as the position of sustainability director that the report praised is now vacant. Xavier Rivera, the director of Utilities and Energy Programs, said that the director resigned and now works at the University of Maryland. Rivera said he and another administrator are working as acting sustainability directors but have not assumed the position’s full responsibilities.

University spokesperson Julie Bataille said that the university is currently considering various ways of filling the administrative void.

“Georgetown officials are in the process of evaluating the specific needs for staffing on sustainability issues and [have] not made any specific determinations yet as to [the] best way to do so,” she said. “We plan to fill the position in some way, but given economic realities and our desire to develop a position consistent with current needs, we do not have a set time frame to do so. The reality is that there are a number of individuals in several offices who have subject matter expertise on a range of issues related to sustainability, and Georgetown’s [Senior Vice President and Chief Administrative Officer] Spiros Dimolitsas coordinates the university’s efforts in this area.”

In addition to these efforts, since the 2007 fiscal year, according to the Office of the Senior Vice President, the university has decided to make all new construction and renovation projects abide by the U.S. Green Building Council, Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design and the Labs21 Environmental Performance Criteria. These standards will include lighting occupancy sensors, low-flow plumbing fixtures, energy management controls and metering devices, Energy Star equipment and appliances and renewable interior finishes.

Taking a cue from other universities, such as The George Washington University, which maintains a “green leaf” list of courses that promote environmentally sustainable practices, Georgetown administrators have also expanded the focus on green activities in the classroom with courses in over 12 departments as well as a new major.

“We have a new biology major focused on environmental biology, and the Class of 2012 has the first opportunity to pursue this major,” Buckley said.

According to Martha Weiss, an associate professor and one of the founders and directors of the new environmental biology major, the option brings together a unique and perhaps even surprising connection between Jesuit ideals and environmental science.

In the Bin to Win

Outside the classroom, students on campus have also begun to promote change, focusing on recycling.

EcoAction’s efforts include building excitement on campus for Power Shift, a national youth activism conference that 35 Georgetown students will attend, and holding events for Earth Day. But EcoAction’s largest growing event is university participation in RecycleMania, a 10-week recycling competition among almost 300 universities.

“Ongoing right now, we are engaging in an advocacy campaign, getting faculty, students and staff to have their photos up on signs that say ‘I recycle ... Do you?’” Cohn said. “Our publicity efforts [will be] strengthened in the next two weeks.”

Since 2007, when Georgetown first entered the RecycleMania competition, Cohn has seen Georgetown’s involvement and sustainability efforts increase markedly.

“Our involvement [in RecycleMania] has evolved over time,” Cohn said. “When we first participated, we were only entered into the cardboard recycling competition, because that was the only category in which our recycling director thought we could be competitive. Since then, we have participated in most of the competitions.”

RecycleMania began on Jan. 18 and will run through March 28. In 2008, Georgetown placed 68th overall in the competition, seventh in the category of waste minimization.

Thus far in the competition, Georgetown has significantly bested its 2008 recycling scores. According to RecycleMania’s Web site, the university’s weekly recycling percentage in the 2009 competition has increased an average of 10 percent each week compared to last year’s numbers.

The enhanced recycling numbers in the competition mirror a trend in the university’s overall efforts. According to Buckley, during the 2006-2007 academic year, 10 percent of total waste was recycled. Last year, that number rose to 26 percent.

Root for Growth

According to Bill del Vecchio, the university’s recycling manager, of the 3,800 tons of solid waste that Georgetown will produce this year, approximately 30 percent will be recycled. In addition, he said Georgetown has made considerable efforts to make the collection process more efficient.

“We’ve enhanced the system for collecting other materials such as scrap metal,” he said. “We’ve started an electronic recycling system where we collect computers and office electronics from throughout Main Campus.”

An organic composting plan that has already composted approximately 30 tons of waste, which Cohn and Buckley both praised officials for, will also increase recycling on campus.

“Our grounds crew now uses 100 percent organic fertilizer, using some of our own compost from [O’Donovan Dining Hall],” Buckley said.

Mara Schechter (COL ’11), a board member of EcoAction, said that the university’s initiatives are good first steps but added that more can still be done.

“It is great that Leo’s composts, but that remains at the administrative level, without students having much of a stake in the decision. Student participation is key for real environmental change, which is why I would love to see campus-wide composting at some point in the future,” Schechter said.

This semester, Schechter said that she is considering taking matters into her own hands.

“I am particularly interested in starting a community compost garden because it will be a chance to really involve the student community,” Schechter said. “With a garden on campus, students would be able to participate in bringing their organic waste to biodegrade — if organic waste is thrown out, it either sits in plastic in landfills or decomposes and contributes to methane production, a greenhouse gas 23 times more potent than CO2.”

Other universities have created similar student-run farms that have proven both popular and effective. The Burning Kumquat, a student group at Washington University in St. Louis, grows vegetables on campus using compost and natural fertilizers to distribute to the campus community and local farmers markets, according to the group’s Web site.

In a letter to the Clinton Global Initiative, Schechter and other members of EcoAction outlined plans to make the compost garden a long-lasting Georgetown institution.

“In order to ensure that this garden will last beyond our group’s time here, we hope to set up a system whereby students can maintain the compost garden as extra credit or part of a class,” the letter stated. “We hope that it will become a lasting part of the Georgetown and greater D.C. community.”

The group received $3,000 in a Georgetown ReImagine grant from the ReImagine Georgetown partnership, a program sponsored by The Corp, THE HOYA and the Georgetown University Alumni and Student Federal Credit Union that funds projects spawned by creative students seeking to improve the undergraduate experience.

Grounds for Change

Adam Alfi (MSB ’11), the Green Team vice chair for The Corp, said in an e-mail to Schechter that creating a similar garden may very well be feasible, based on his experience working in Midnight Mug.

“The three Corp coffee shops in Lauinger Library, the Leavey Center and ICC throw away copious amounts of coffee grinds that could be used to make some top-notch compost,” he said. “We are happy to deposit our grinds in the composting bin behind Yates or wherever else it might be useful on campus, but we just don’t have the extra personnel or vehicles to transport our grinds to Yates. We’d love to work with [EcoAction].”

For its part, The Corp provides a 25 cent discount whenever students bring their own cups to a Corp-operated coffee shop. According to The Corp Annual Report, all plastic bags used by the organization are 100 percent biodegradable, and all cleaning products used are completely non-toxic.

Cohn emphasized, though, that the best way to ensure campus sustainability is to place the power in the hands of students themselves.

“We would like to encourage all Hoyas to make steps themselves to be more sustainable,” Cohn said. “Turn off the lights when you aren’t in the room. Unplug your cell phone and laptop at night. Forgo a plastic bag if you don’t need it. Think before you trash.”

Wednesday, February 25, 2009

Reprogramming the Default: Common Sense Environmentalism

At our last board meeting, one important topic we discussed was the idea of "common sense environmentalism." Many of the everyday actions associated with being "green" are products of basic common sense. Although, as an active environmentalist myself, I do care about the protection of wildlife, the oceans, the sky, our future, etc., it is difficult to get some people to care about abstractions. However, caring about your own wallet is a lot easier. Click for some examples of reprogramming the default in order to save some green...

1) Double-sided printing: We have all had classes for which we have had to read long government or scientific documents, which were posted on Blackboard. We press print wait forever, and when the printing is finally done, we have this unwieldy mass of paper which is awkward to carry because it won't staple and which is awkward to read as well. Why not just print double-sided? It saves printing costs (in terms of reduced paper consumption), and saves you a lot of hassle. Common sense to save some cents.

2) Turning off the lights: You realize the significance of this a lot more when you are paying your own bills. Keeping the light on will inevitably raise your electric bill, thus costing you money for something from which you accrue no tangible benefit. And if you aren't paying your own bills yet because you live in campus housing, then give the university a break in its bills. Wouldn't it be nice to see that money put elsewhere? Again, common sense for "common cents."

3) Walking: I know that not everyone is willing to walk up to 4 miles in the utterly walkable District; however, walking is the cheapest form of transportation. If you are traveling under one mile and the weather is good, there's no excuse not to walk. The metro will cost you $1.65 during peak times and $1.35 during off-peak. Buses cost around $1.25, and the Circulator is $1. How much is walking? $0.00. You save money and get some great exercise--what's not to love? (Biking is another good alternative, but walking is fully free.)

From the store owner's perspective:
1) Bag those plastic bags: We need to change society's default with regard to plastic bags. Do you need to take a bag for that Coke bottle and Clif bar when you are only going to walk back to your room? You have two hands that are fully functioning with which to carry them, and (often) you probably have a school bag with you to put stuff in. And, for larger purchases, you can have a canvas bag. Regardless, plastic bags do cost money for the store owner, who should be more wary about giving them out for practical reasons if none other. (However, for a more detailed analysis, see the post below.)

2) Recycle: Do you know that institutions can make money from recycling? That's right: white office paper, cardboard, and metals will all help to bring in revenue. (Plastics, on the other hand, do not.) Encouraging recycling means that your business or institution will bring tangible benefits, bringing in money to finance other projects. Common "cents" for common sense.

Anyone have any other suggestions for reprogramming our defaults? We'd love to hear them!

Thinking Outside the Bag

Currently, the District is considering imposing a 5 cent bag fee on both plastic and paper bags. Information can be found at

Here is a snippet from their release:

“Every year, 20,000 tons of trash enter the Anacostia River leaving a polluted, dirty and neglected river bordering our neighborhoods. According to the latest report, plastic bags, bottles, wrappers and Styrofoam make up 85% of the trash. In the tributaries of the Anacostia, such as Watts Branch, nearly 50% of the trash is plastic bags.

DC taxpayers spend millions every year cleaning bags and trash out of the Anacostia River. And soon, the EPA will establish heavy fines for the District every time trash exceeds its limit in the River — just about every time we have a heavy rain because of the city's outdated sewer system. The District has a great recycling program, but even with this, every bag recycled costs taxpayers money and bags still litter the River. The bags also cost stores money, raising the price of our groceries and other goods.

There's an alternative. Already, many stores sell low-cost durable, reusable bags. Some, like Giant, even give a credit if you bring back old bags instead of using new bags. Costco stopped offering bags years ago, and discount food stores like ALDI and Save-A-Lot, and even IKEA, charge customers a nominal fee for every bag — greatly reducing the number of plastic and paper bags used and encouraging customers to bring reusable bags. We need a small incentive to encourage shoppers to use reusable bags and to get cashiers to ask whether a bag is even needed.

New York, Seattle, and many European nations have already required, or plan to require, a small charge for plastic and paper bags. These initiatives have dramatically cut down on these single-use bags — by as much as 90% in some places. Councilmember Tommy Wells, along with many of his fellow Councilmembers, will be introducing a bill to place a nominal 5 cent fee for each plastic and paper carryout bag. The bill also requires that any single use carryout bags that stores use must be recyclable. The bill creates a new Anacostia River Fund that uses the fees to cleanup and protect the Anacostia River, transforming it into a positive, contributing asset where people feel safe to fish, boat, swim and enjoy.

This new initiative is great for the Anacostia River and great for our small businesses. We can take major steps to clean the Anacostia River on our watch, and businesses can be a part of the solution to reducing the number of bags that enter the trash and environmental streams. Reducing the number of bags used reduces the costs to businesses that provide the bags, and it saves taxpayers by cutting down on trash and recycling costs, environmental cleanup costs, and EPA fines.”

To make matters short, if you are a Georgetown student who has studied abroad anywhere in Europe, you have probably already experienced a bag fee, and it did not pose too much of a burden on you. There are a few easy options in this case:

1) REDUCE: Buy a canvas bag or other sort of reusable tote. More and more stores are selling these nowadays, and they tend to be cheap (if you are not looking to buy an elaborate, custom-made one). You'll make a small investment, and they will last you a long time. They also can have other purposes. For example, I use mine as duffel bags, per se, when I go home for breaks because, just as they can hold food, they can hold clothing.

2) REUSUE: If you don't want to have to buy a bag of your own, then why not just bring back the plastic bags you already had? Take a few bags, tie them up, squash them together, and you have a pretty light plastic bag ball that can easily fit in a jacket pocket.

3) RECYCLE: The last option is to just pay the 5 cent tax. 5 cents per bag will not have a noticeable effect on your grocery bill. If you have four bags a week, that will only total 20 cents, and for all 52 weeks of the year, that is just over $10--negligible in light of the overall cost of the grocery bill. And, when you are done with the bag, recycle it. Although the plastic bag recycling industry is weak because there is no use for the recycled plastic from the bags yet, you can still put them separate of both trash and recycling here in the District so that, one hopes, something good comes from them. Perhaps they will just get burned for fuel as the trash on campus does.

Tuesday, February 24, 2009

"It Begins With Energy" – President Obama's State of the Nation

I’m sure most of you, politically-minded and aware students, were watching the State of the Nation tonight. How excited were you to hear Obama reiterating (and reiterating and reiterating) the need for clean energy? It was the first thing out of his mouth, just going to show how important this issue is.

He seemed to call for a cap-and-trade approach. In my opinion, cap-and-trade is really the way to go. An overall tax on gas, I feel, would just never work. I feel that we, as a nation, would never be able to keep ourselves on it… kind of like a diet, you know? But I think that for the U.S. to enter the carbon trading market would be a real great thing. (Sorry – I AM in the B-School after all…)

I was so happy I almost cried… until he mentioned “clean coal.” My face literally fell. Any serious call for clean, renewable energy NEEDS to know that clean coal is not part of it. At least not in the long run. He didn’t (as far as I could tell) mention nuclear either… both of which are generally looked down upon by environmentalists. What are your thoughts?

And Nancy Pelosi in the background? I thought she was adorable when she stood up and clapped literally every five seconds. AND if you’re going to PowerShift this weekend, you’ll be able to see her! Hurray!

GET EXCITED! I know I am!